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Helping Education to Alleviate Poverty——Social Work in the School of Social Work
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On March 20, 2019, Xiong Guibin, the dean of the Department of Social Work and Social Policy of the School of Sociology, China University of Political Science and Law, led 5 graduate students of social work from the class of 2018 to Xituanbao Village, Dongtuanbao Township, Laiyuan County, Baoding City, Hebei Province for a practical inspection. Conducted in-depth research on social work intervention in education for poverty alleviation.

 

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Xituanbao Village, Dongtuanbao Township, Laiyuan County, Baoding City, Hebei Province, is located in the northeast of Laiyuan County, 35 kilometers away from the county seat, and borders Yuxian and Laishui. It is a state-level poverty-stricken "three-deep" poverty-a deeply impoverished county The deeply impoverished villages of the deeply impoverished townships. The village has 1940 acres of arable land, 56 acres of woodland, and 4,500 acres of barren slopes. There are 432 households with 1,725 people in Xituanbao Village, among which there are 152 poor households with a registered card, and the poverty incidence rate is 34.6%. On the whole, Xi Tuanpu Village has a poor geographical location and inconvenient transportation. It is in the mountains. The minimum temperature in the winter of 2018 was minus 27 degrees. The frost-free period was only 122 days, and the corn could only be produced for one season. At the same time, the natural conditions of this village are worse than other villages. The water source for agricultural development depends only on natural precipitation, and the villages do not rely on rivers or lakes. The soil is loess, which is relatively barren, resulting in low crop yields. Although the temperature difference is large, it is difficult to grow fruit trees and other crops due to precipitation.

 

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Xie Qiang, deputy director of the Office of Hebei Academy of Social Sciences and first secretary of Xi Tuanpu Village, first introduced the party and the state's poverty alleviation policies, the basic situation of Xi Tuanpu Village and the poverty alleviation measures that the poverty alleviation team has carried out to teachers and students of our college. The precision poverty alleviation work team in the village has done a lot of work since it was stationed in Xituanpu Village on March 8, 2018. After preliminary investigation work including third-party assessment, the work team led by Secretary Xie has provided guarantees for social assistance (file establishment) Based on the establishment of poverty-stricken households, five-guarantee households, and low-income households), we will focus on poverty alleviation from many aspects, and strive to achieve "helping the intelligence" and "helping the will". Poverty alleviation is organically combined with aspirations and aspirations. It is not only to send warmth, but also to send aspirations and confidence, and help them build the confidence and fighting spirit to overcome difficulties and get rid of difficulties.

 

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In terms of industrial poverty alleviation, Xi Tuanpu Village, with financial support at all levels, promotes the process of poverty alleviation through the development of aquaculture, Chinese herbal medicine planting, cottage industry and the construction of photovoltaic power plants. Xituanpu Village has now built two chicken houses (annual income of about 800,000) and two pig farms (annual income of about 400,000). The village is one of the traditional origins of Isatis indigotica. Coupled with the 200 acres of Chinese herbal medicine field every year, the Isatis indica industry is developing well. In order to develop the cottage industry in the village, the work team has now contacted relevant companies to cooperate in the processing of plush toys, providing more employment opportunities for the left-behind elderly and left-behind women, and everyone can create value. In addition, Xi Tuanpu Village also invested in the construction of a 300kw village-level photovoltaic power station. The work team hopes to develop collective industries, increase villagers' income through industrial dividends, and help help them get rid of poverty.

In terms of infrastructure, the village team carried out a series of work including road repair, dilapidated building renovation, warm atrium construction, and drinking water project construction. The national finance funded the construction of the road into the village, which is relatively convenient compared to the past, and also provides a foundation for the industrial development of the village. By 2019, it plans to renovate 81 dilapidated houses and 91 warm houses on the existing basis. Due to long years of disrepair, the drinking water pipes in the village have been damaged to a large extent. The work team plans to replace new drinking water pipes to solve the problem of safe drinking water for the villagers. The task force also provides free independent toilets for each household, which is more hygienic and convenient than the old-style dry toilets. Through a series of renovations to infrastructure, the overall basic environment of the village and the living environment of the villagers will be improved.

 

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Comparison of old and new houses

 

In terms of culture and education, as the birthplace of the Hope Project, Laiyuan County attaches great importance to education. It has achieved 15 years of free education (from kindergarten to high school), and includes families with children who go to college in the category of poor households. Enjoy poverty alleviation treatment and reduce dropouts due to poverty. Carry forward traditional culture and vigorously develop red culture and frontier fortress culture.

Through various forms of work, the source of income of Xi Tuanpu Village has been broadened, with a view to accomplishing the task of alleviating poverty in the 100 years since the founding of the party from various aspects. The teachers and students of our school expressed the hope that they can use the relevant knowledge and skills of social work to join the local poverty alleviation work, and contribute to the fight against poverty.

To get rid of poverty is not only to get rid of material poverty, but also to ensure the richness of spiritual and cultural life, and this is precisely the direction in which our social work can carry out services. The problem of left-behind is very common in the vast rural areas of our country. There are more left-behind elderly, women and children in this village, and the potential risk is higher. Based on the basic situation of Xituanpu Village, social workers, teachers and students proposed social work from the following aspects Preliminary ideas for involvement in poverty alleviation.

In terms of services for the left-behind elderly, social work focuses on life care and recreational activities, and forms a mutual aid group in the village for the elderly to solve the problems caused by the elderly due to physical inconvenience, and to a certain extent enhance the interaction and contact of the villagers. Provide mental care and help for the left-behind elderly, ease their bad emotions, and treat life correctly. Organize the whole village to carry out cultural and recreational activities for the elderly at an appropriate time, as well as family activities involving several generations, to strengthen the community atmosphere of respecting the elderly and loving the young and the family responsibility of caring for the elderly.

As the left-behind women take on the important role of caring for the elderly and children in the family, life pressure is relatively high. Therefore, it is particularly necessary to provide support and family relationship counseling to the left-behind women. Social work can use the method of group work, take advantage of women, organize women in the community to develop supportive groups, and help each other solve problems in life. At the same time, it is also possible to form an economic mutual aid group, carry out hand-made, simple wild agricultural product processing groups, etc., to explore the possibility of learning new production and life skills.

Left-behind children lack adequate family care, lack of family authority, and may experience decline in learning or even deviant behaviors. Educational poverty alleviation is particularly necessary. In the village, illiterate and elementary school-educated villagers accounted for 90%, while those with junior high school or higher education accounted for only 10%. Villagers lack the relevant knowledge and skills stimulated by family education and learning interest. The effective labor force in the village is up to one-third of the workforce, but their knowledge level has not improved compared to their parents, and the intergenerational transmission of poverty cannot be effectively blocked. It is planned to help children establish lofty ambitions by carrying out summer camps in the countryside, schoolwork guidance and study tours.

The village holds a temple fair on the thirteenth of the lunar month every year. At this time, people who go out to work will return to their hometowns. This is a tradition in the village. Based on the existence of its traditional cohesion, while solving the basic poverty problem, it pays attention to internally strengthen the community culture and awareness of the village community and cultivate community leaders. Realize that the residents in the village can carry out corresponding spiritual activities by themselves, establish family service teams in the village, cultivate family conflict regulators, and cultivate skill learning groups. As a result, the village further strengthens the atmosphere of “the same well in the villages, in and out of each other, watching and helping each other, and supporting the disease”, reducing the possibility of collective return to poverty.

 

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Social work teachers and students of China University of Political Science and Law met with the team leader to discuss

 

After the seminar, Secretary Xie led the teachers and students into the village for a visit and inspection. From the renovation of dilapidated houses to the development of springs, everyone saw the great changes that have taken place in the village after a year of hard work led by Secretary Xie’s work team. From the former stone houses to the current brick houses, from the precarious houses to the now solid remodeled houses, from the former frugality to the current dividends and profits, all these are the results of the joint efforts of the village team and the villagers. Finally, Secretary Xie took a group photo with the teachers and students, and expressed his ardent expectations for future cooperation.

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